With years of research, Substance abuse disorders have shown they are in fact brain disorders. That being said, they can still be treated effectively nevertheless. Treatment, however, in order to be successful needs to take into account the type of drug used and the needs of the individual. It also needs to incorporate many different components as well. These components need to be detoxification, therapy, and medications, when necessary.
Two main behavioral treatments used are contingency management and cognitive-behavioral therapy. This behavioral therapy is usually coupled with medications. These special treatments assist patients to stop using drugs by changing their behaviors through their way of unhealthy thinking patterns. It replaces the negativity with positivity by teaching them strategies to manage cravings and avoiding cues, including situations that could lead to a relapse. It also gives them several incentives to remind them why it’s important to continue with sobriety. Behavioral treatment may involve just the individual, but it can also be incorporated into group or family counseling as well. It also has the benefits of improving personal relationships and work performance. Including their ability to positively function in the community.
Prescription opioids can be treated with medications such as methadone, naltrexone, and buprenorphine. These medications can disallow other opioids from affecting the brain (naltrexone) or give relief from withdrawal symptoms and cravings (methadone and buprenorphine). Another medication used to reduce physical symptoms of withdrawal is Iofecidine. Opioid addiction is often treated as well in combination with psychosocial support or behavioral treatment. These are known as medication-assisted treatments or MAT.